An explosively formed penetrator (EFP) was the signature of the Mahdi Army and Special Groups, Iranian militias that targeted US and allied forces in Iraq. that a few of the test penetrators were prevented from reaching the target due to impacts with the test fixture. Multiple Explosively Formed Penetrator (MEFP) Warhead Technology Development Mr. Richard Fong, Mr. William Ng, Mr. LaMar Thompson, and Mr. Steve Tang U.S. Army RDECOM-ARDEC, Building 3022 Picatinny, NJ 07806, USA Background MEFP Warhead technology was initiated in the 1980’s to provide a warhead that could produce many In total, the banks have agreed to pay nearly $3.2 billion in fines.
Looking for abbreviations of MEFP? second shot, H854, ussd design #2. Answer (1 of 3): It’s easy to confuse the two, but the traditional shaped charge and the EFP are two different animals, even if they appear superficially similar. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This patent also discloses radial ejection of the EFPs in a 360.degree.
Armor Design Heavy and light armor for protection against shaped charges, EFPs, kinetic-energy penetrators. Yunpeng Shi, Baohui Yuan, Zhengfeng Liang : Chinese Journal of Explosives& Propellants, Vol. An IED designed for use against armoured targets such as personnel carriers or tanks will be designed for armour penetration, by using either a shaped charge or an explosively formed penetrator. Found inside – Page 928... formed penetrator, 227, 487 armco iron, 227 microstructure, 495-502 tantalum, 471, 495 Explosive forming, 471, 847-854 of fragments, 471 Explosive reactive armor, 511 Explosive welding, 821 artificial intelligence in design, ... Another multiple EFP warhead design is disclosed in U.S. Pat. The Revolutionary Guard and Hezbollah have trained and armed Shia groups in Iraq that have kidnapped, shot and blown up Americans. Keywords: explosively formed penetrator, scalable computing, parallel computing. Carlson Law Firm clients and Central Texas veterans Sergeant Gilberto Figueroa and Staff Sergeant Charles…, The Feres Doctrine is no longer an obstacle for military members hoping to pursue medical…, According to data from the Department of Veterans Affairs, there were about 20.4 million U.S.…. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. An explosively formed penetrator—also known as an explosively formed projectile or a self-forging warhead—is a special type of shaped charge designed to penetrate armor effectively.
Upon detonation, the explosive projects the liner to form a projectile. EFP - Explosively formed penetrator. The force of the blast molds the liner into any of a number of shapes, depending on the shape of the plate and how the This patent also discloses radial ejection of the EFPs in a 360° pattern to defeat nearby targets in a plane normal to the warhead axis. The airframe must use an aerodynamic design to resist heat and remain stable, it said. The lawsuit alleges Barclays, HSBC, Credit Suisse, Standard Chartered Bank and Royal Bank of Scotland “committed acts of international terrorism.”. Ruijun Gou: Forming Mechanism of Linear Explosively Formed Penetrator. A high explosive behind a shallow cone of maleable metal (usually copper). A less sophisticated approach for changing the formation of an EFP is the use of wire mesh in front of the liner. The lawsuit goes on to connect Iranian financial institutions to the. Found inside – Page 1FLIGHT PERFORMANCE OF AN EXPLOSIVELY FORMED PENETRATOR G. Malejko J. Grau * U.S. Army Armament Research ... a number of well instrumented test firings were conducted to characterize the flight performance of a particular EFP design . Adopted explosively driven projectile model and its elements of geometry, presented in the paper , and design characteristics of testing sample as in the  are shown in Fig. Found inside – Page 109They involve a multitude of factors such as the type of explosive payload, the design of the explosive, ... as a flat top plate - as opposed to concave top plates, commonly seen in explosively formed penetrator/projectiles (EFPs) . Technology for generation of high energy electrical pulse power through explosive driven magnetic flux compression? More recently, some are backhauled to the studio with a bonded cellular … An EFP, on the other hand, has a liner face in the shape of a shallow dish. Superbombs 101. A conventional shaped charge generally has a conical metal liner that projects a hypervelocity jet of metal able to penetrate steel armour to great depths; in travel over some distance the jet breaks up along its length into particles that drift out of alignment, greatly diminishing its effectiveness in such cases. In an effort to find an alternative to tantalum for use in multiple explosively formed penetrator (MEFP) liners, the U.S. Army Armament Research, Development and Engineering Center, Picatinny Arsenal, N.J., fabricated, simulated, and tested liner blanks from pure nickel, a two phase tungstennickel- iron alloy, and a single phase nickel-tungsten alloy. We provide analysis of these systems and the effects on vehicles and other targets. We have the experience and the resources needed to take on the major international financial institutions under the Anti-Terrorism Act. For other weapon systems where the size does not matter, a copper liner of double the calibre is used.
The vehicle that Castner inspected was eviscerated by an explosively formed penetrator (EFP), a weapon of Iranian engineering that was … The Revolutionary Guard and Hezbollah have trained and armed Shia groups in Iraq that have kidnapped, shot and blown up Americans. ), EFPs have been used in improvised explosive devices against armoured cars, for example in the 1989 assassination of the German banker Alfred Herrhausen (attributed to the Red Army Faction), and by Hezbollah in the 1990s. Found inside – Page D-4DF Direction Finding DoD Department of Defense DRB Division-Ready Brigade DSB Defense Science Board DTUPC Design-to-Unit-Production-Cost EA Executive Agent EFP Explosively-Formed-Penetrator ELINT Electronic Intelligence EO ...
A typical explosively formed penetrator involves a cylindrical casing filled with explosive material, capped with either a saucer-shaped or conical piece of metal . Fins improve aerodynamic stability and hit accuracy. Performance evaluation of … The shape forms as the plate accelerates toward an intended target.
OBJECTIVE: Develop a cluster payload which can be launched and deployed from a GMLRS or ATACMS platform. Putting forward the straight-line trajectory of MEFP （multi-explosively formed penetrators, also called attack unit） in the target coordinate by means of building ground coordinate and target coordinate and the conversion of ground coordinate to target coordinate in the Area Blank off Weapon System. It is called an Explosively formed penetrator (EFP) and it works like this. EFPs are self-forging warheads designed to effectively penetrate armor and fire in a way similar to cannons. Xinwu Zeng, Honglu Xue : Explosion and Shock Waves, Vol. 1.5.3 Penetrator / Shaped Charge System Part II: Influence 52 of Design Parameters, Werner Arnold1, Ernst Rottenkolber2, 23rd International Symposium on Ballistics Tarragona, Spain 16-20 April 2007 1.5.4 Warhead Against Fortified or Armoured Targets, 55 Particularly for Damaging Runways, Roadway explosively formed penetrator warhead that incorporates several, for example 10 separate liners. Our firm is one of the most respected advocates for veterans within the legal community.
Found inside – Page 7Both chemical energy and KE high - explosive warhead types can be designed as directed energy or isotropic ... Some popular directed energy devices are the shaped charge , hemicharge , and explosively formed penetrator ( EFP ) . Linear explosively formed penetrator (LEFP) is an optimal combination of linear cutting sword and conical shaped charge but is completely different with those two above. He has made significant contributions in the area of research in design and development of Shaped Charge and Explosively Formed Penetrator Warheads for anti-armour applications design of warheads for missiles, development of explosive formulations and systems engineering. A nuclear-driven MEFP was apparently proposed by a member of the JASON group in 1966 for terminal ballistic missile defense. 4,974,515. The BLU-108 contains 4 smart Skeet warheads.  A recent development is their widespread use in IEDs by insurgents in Iraq against coalition vehicles..
An EFP, on the other hand, has a liner face in the shape of a shallow dish. Extensive research is going on in the zone between jetting charges and EFPs, which combines the advantages of both types, resulting in very long stretched-rod EFPs for short-to-medium distances (because of the lack of aerostability) with improved penetration capability. The two axl-s.ynsnetrlcwarheads were Identical In their basic design, but their liner conto~rs were different. Found inside – Page 3Explosive formed projectile (EFP) is made up of casing, detonator, high explosive and liner. ... Today, designers use Lagrangian or finite element code exclusively to obtain flared EFP, finned EFP, and long-rod EFP by varying the ... In Northern Ireland similar devices have been discovered that were developed by dissident Republican groups for intended use against the police. Our experience includes shaped charge, explosively formed penetrator, fragmenting warhead and other energetics design. Found inside – Page 108Prototype high density explosively formed penetrator rods were tested against rolled homogeneous armor in FY 1985 with ... Logistics R & D efforts will provide in FY 1988 a computer aided technique for packaging design and new ... A conventional shaped charge generally has a conical metal liner that projects a hypervelocity jet of metal able to penetrate to great depths into steel armour; in travel over some distance the jet breaks up along its length into particles that drift out of alignment, greatly diminishing its effectiveness at a distance. 2 Warheads modeling Previous efforts have demonstrated the successful application of explicit high rate finite difference and finite element computer modeling to the simulation and design of shaped charges (Baker and Campbell ) and EFPs (Baker and Liu , Fong et al ). Explosively formed penetrators (EFPs) have been used in a number of munition systems to defeat armor, masonry and concrete targets. 761 Explosively Formed Penetrators (EFP) with Canted Fins This gives the operator time to judge the moment to fire, when the vehicle is moving more slowly.. design fig , with accepted, fixed EFP liner form and explosive 2 charge, with and without metal cover. The trajectory of each penetrator could also be diverted EFPs can be deployed singly, in pairs, or in arrays, depending on the tactical situation. On that day, I was a soldier on the ground in Iraq, and standing behind a machine gun, when I got punched in the face with an Explosively Formed Penetrator (EFP) roadside bomb. The Skeet's Explosively Formed Penetrator (EFP) is the lethal component of the warhead. Found inside – Page 29designed for use against armored targets, such as personnel carriers or tanks, will be designed for armor penetration by using either a shaped charge or an explosively formed penetrator. IEDs are extremely diverse in design and may ... In 1992, the United States passed the Anti-Terrorism Act. This information is not intended to create, and receipt or viewing does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship.
We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Composed of a milled concave plate typically formed of copper, EFPs are extremely lethal, even against thick armor. The explosion will form a copper explosively formed penetrator hitting the asteroid with a velocity of 2 km/s. The crater created by the impact will be a target for further observations by the onboard instruments. The shaped charge will consist of 4.5 kg of plasticized HMX and a 2.5 kg copper liner. (Nanjing University of Science & Technology 2007). Dozens of Hezbollah violence victims filed a lawsuit in November 2014 against five European banks. 31(3)2008, p.6. We are a veteran-owned and operated law firm headquartered at Fort Hood, Texas. Systems Experience forms the basis of our practical application of ideas and technology to munitions. Performance Assessment Ballistic testing: explosives, warheads, guns, … Found inside – Page 98Similar considerations dictate the design of a swaging operation. In suboptimal processing conditions, it may be necessary to simulate ... As a final example, Figure 5.5 is a schematic of an explosively formed penetrator (EFP) before ... The submunition is delivered to the target area by a 155 mm Howitzer or a MLRS carrier where it is expelled and descends in a spiral spin pattern. It is formed of two sections: an initial precursor penetrator followed by a penetrator encapsulating a reactive material. OLD Fragmentation/Blast Deep Penetration Defeat Walls & BMP! Using Nickel-Tungsten Alloys to Produce Multiple Explosively Formed Penetrator (MEFP) Warheads . The target will initially be perforated by the precursor penetrator with the second follow through Taken on 15 October 1944, Operation Panzerfaust, after surrender and disarmament of the royal guards of the Hungarian Army. US6510797B1 - Segmented kinetic energy explosively formed penetrator assembly - Google Patents. Formation Mechanism of Linear Explosive Formed... Advanced Materials Research Vols. Based on in-itial testing, both designs show promise of meeting the requirements. Identifying how changes in the physical parameters of an Explosively Formed Projectile (EFP) affect its performance is crucial in determining what physical parameters could be changed to achieve a desired performance. Next, key elements of how to implement the method for design problems are described. (2) (1988), p.97. Performance evaluation of … Explosively Formed Penetrators (EFPs) are especially dangerous because they ____.
Design & Analysis Testing & Diagnostics Fabrication & Loading Explosively Formed Penetrator Fragmentati on Shaped Charge Compact SC JavelinJavelin Hellfire Single EFP HEAT SLAM SOF Demolition Kit TOW2B SADARM. Formation of an EFP warhead. USAF Research Laboratory. An explosively formed penetrator (EFP), also known as an explosively formed projectile, a self-forging warhead, or a self-forging fragment, is a special type of shaped charge designed to penetrate armor effectively. The force of the blast molds the liner into any of a number of shapes, depending on the shape of the plate and how the It’s not known, yet, whether these weapons responsible were … Found inside – Page 69Typical of many Soviet designs , the 9M79 Tochka is larger than comparable American solid - fuel tactical missiles ( such as the ... infrared sensor for target detection , with and explosively - formed penetrator as a kill mechanism . The Carlson Law Firm has been representing and protecting clients in Texas and across the nation since 1976.
Additionally, these types of IEDs detonate with a force capable of traveling more than a mile per second. Found insideThe precursor warhead is designed to set off the explosive fitted in a tank's reactive armor. With the reactive armor now ... When the missile flies over a target, sensors trigger the two Explosive Formed Penetrator (EFP) warheads. Explosively formed penetrator efficiency. Found inside – Page 45... tandem high explosive antitank ( HEAT ) , kinetic energy ( KE ) penetrators , and explosively formed penetrator warheads . The design will be optimized to maximize probability of kill , given a shot P ( k / s ) on a 2015 threat tank ... Horn waves can reduce the incidence angle of a detonation wave on a liner surface and collide with each other at the charge axis to form overdriven detonation. Includes papers that were first presented at a September 2011 conference organized by the National Defense Industrial Association and the International Ballistics Society. The precursor-follow through kinetic energy explosively formed penetrator assembly greatly enhances target penetration. each of two explosively formed penetrators (EFPs) of tantalum.
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